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This tour is a unique opportunity to explore the rich cultural heritage of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Iran. You will visit some of the most ancient cities in the world, including Samarkand, Bukhara, and Mashhad. You will also have the chance to see some of the most beautiful Islamic architecture, such as Registan Square, Bibi Khanum mosque, and the Imam Reza shrine.

In Uzbekistan, you will experience the vibrant culture of Tashkent, the capital city, and explore the ancient Silk Road bazaars. In Turkmenistan, you will visit the ancient city of Merv, which was once one of the largest cities in the world. In Iran, you will visit Mashhad, the holiest city in Iran, and see the beautiful Imam Reza shrine.

This tour is perfect for anyone who wants to experience the rich history and culture of Central Asia and the Middle East. You will be accompanied by experienced guides who will provide you with a wealth of information about the history and culture of the region.

Explore the 3 iconic destinations in Asia: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran


Day 1: Arrive In Tashkent (Uzbekistan) [D]

Welcome to Central Asia! Upon arrival at Tashkent Airport, we will meet you and transfer you to the hotel. The rest of the day is at your leisure! Overnight in Tashkent.

Day 2: Tashkent (Uzbekistan) [B, L, D]

This morning you will embark on a full-day sightseeing tour of Tashkent. You will visit the old part of the city, including the Khast Imam complex which houses a rich Islamic library with an immense Osman Koran VII, the Chorsu Bazaar, and the Kukeldash Madrasah. In the afternoon, you will visit Independence (Mustakillik) Square, which is home to several governmental buildings, the A. Navoi Theater Square, the A. Temur Museum, and Square. You will spend the night in Tashkent.

 Day 3: Tashkent - Samarkand (Uzbekistan) [B, L, D]

After having our breakfast at the hotel will transfer to the railway station for the bullet train AFROSIAB to Samarkand. Upon arrival in Samarkand, you will embark on a tour of the “Rome of the East”. You will visit the Registan Square, the Gur Emir Mausoleum, the Bibi-Khanum Mosque, and the Central Bazaar in Samarkand. You will also visit the Afrosiyob Museum and the Museum of Ulugbek Observatory. Finally, you will explore the Shakhi-Zinda Necropolis. You will spend the night in Samarkand.

 Day 4: Samarkand – Shakhrisabz – Samarkand (Uzbekistan) [B, L, D]

We journey to Shakhrisabz, the hometown of Great Tamerlane. Upon arrival in Shakhrisabz, you will visit the remains of the Ak-Saray Palace, the Kok-Gumbaz Mosque, and the Khazrati Imom Ensemble. After sightseeing in Shakhrisabz, you will depart back to Samarkand and visit the Paper Mills. You will spend the night in Samarkand.

 Day 5: Samarkand - Bukhara (Uzbekistan) [B, L, D]

Move on to Bukhara via Gijduvan. En route, you will visit the remains of the Caravanserai and Sardoba, a water reservoir. You will also have an excursion to Gijduvan, a famous pottery house. Upon arrival in Bukhara, you will check into the hotel. You will then embark on a sightseeing tour of Bukhara, visiting the following places: Kalon EnsembleMadrasah Miri-ArabMagoki-Attori MosqueChashma-AyubMadrasah Ulugbek and Abdulaziz KhanKosh MadrasahTrade DomesLyabi Hauz Complex, and Madrasah Chor-Minor. You will spend the night in Bukhara.

If you are interested in exploring Bukhara further, you can follow this 2-day itinerary which covers the best of Bukhara in two days. It includes the must-visit attractions such as the Ark of BukharaNadir Divan-Begi Madrassah, and Poi Kalon Ensemble among others.

Day 6: Bukhara (Uzbekistan) [B, L, D]

Delve into the extragavant history of  Bukhara. You will visit the summer palace of Bukhara emirs Sitora-i-Mokhi Khosa, the Necropolis Chor Bark which is the burial site of Sheikhs and Royal family members, the Complex of Bahauddin Naqshband which is a place of worship for locals, the Samanid Dynasty Mausoleum, and the Ark Fortress. You will spend the night in Bukhara.

Day 7: Bukhara – Farab - Turkmenabat – Mary (Uzbekistan/Turkmenistan) [B, L, D]

Leaving Bukhara behind and cruise your way to the Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan border point in Farab. After completing border formalities on both sides, you will cross the border and transfer to Mary via Turkmenabat and Merv (4.5hrs). Upon arrival, you will embark on a tour of Merv, which was located at the crossroads of the Great Silk Road and quickly became one of the most important and biggest cities of the Ancient World. Your sightseeing tour will include the following places: Gyz Gala and Oglan GalaComplex of AskhabsGyaur GalaErk GalaSoltan GalaSoltan Sanjar Mausoleum, and Ibn Zeid Mausoleum. You will spend the night in Mary.

 Day 8: Mary – Ashgabat (Turkmenistan) [B, L, D]

Transfer to the local airport for your flight to Ashgabat. Upon arrival, you will enjoy a sightseeing tour of the Blue Mosque, the Arch of Neutrality, and Independence Park with its rotating gold statue of Turkmenbashi. You will then drive to Nisa and explore the ancient, ruined capital of the Parthians. You will discover the unique fortressescitadeltemples, and tombs (III Century B.C.) and visit the National Museum of History and Ethnography. You will spend the night in Ashgabat.

Day 9: Ashgabat – Mashhad (Turkmenistan - Iran) [B, L, D]

It is time to head to Iran. An early morning transfer will take us to the Iran border with border formalities on both sides. You will then meet with your Iranian guide and driver and route to Mashhad (155 miles). Upon arrival, you will be accommodated in your hotel. Mashhad is the capital of Iran Khorasan Province and Iran’s second-largest city. It is known for the shrine of Imam Reza, the Eighth Imam of the Shia Muslims who follow Twelve Imams. Mashhad literally means “burial place of the martyr.” The city started out as Sanabad, a stop-over for trade caravans traveling to and from Turkmenistan. It was only after the martyrdom of Imam Reza at Tus in 818 and the construction of his shrine here that the city became a pilgrim site. The complex is a city in itself and visitors are frisked by security at all gates. Women must observe shrine decorum and cover themselves with the Chador, without which they will not be permitted to enter the complex. Apart from its religious significance, the complex is an architectural masterpiece decorated with intricate tiles, calligraphy, beautiful courtyards, and porches. The complex also houses a museum, library, and the very beautiful Masjid-e-Gohar Shaad of the Timurid period. You will spend the night in Mashhad.

Day 10: Mashhad – Tehran (Iran) [B, L, D]

Start your morning with a visit to Bazaar-e-Reza which is one of the main shopping areas in Mashhad. It has two stories and offers a wide range of local fabrics, handicrafts, jewelry, and more. After lunch, you will transfer to the airport for your flight to Tehran, the capital city of Iran. Upon arrival in Tehran, you will be transferred to your hotel. You will spend the night in Tehran.

Day 11: Arrival In Tehran [D]

Upon arrival at the airport, your tour guide will greet you and transfer you to your hotel. You will have dinner and spend the night in Tehran.

Day12: Tehran [B, L, D]

After enjoying a delicious buffet breakfast and checking out of the hotel, you will embark on a full day guided tour of Tehran. Our first stop will be The Archaeological Museum, which is must-see in Tehran. The collection includes pottery, ceramics, stone figures, and carvings from the 4th and 5th millennium BC. Some of the highlights include four tablets inscribed in cuneiform, the Darius I inscription, a carved staircase, tiles from Apadana Palace, and the salt man. Later, we will visit The National Jewels Museum, which houses the world’s most precious jewelry collection. The treasury has an interesting history dating back centuries. Before lunch, we will visit The Glassware and Ceramic Museum, which is housed in a building that is a combination of traditional Iranian style and European architecture from the XIX Century. The museum’s collection of glass and clay works is among the rarest in Iran, including clay pots dating back to the 4th millennium BC up to the present time, as well as glass works from the 1st millennium BC up to the contemporary era. European glass works from the XVIII and XIX Centuries are also part of the collection.

In the afternoon, we will visit Golestan Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The lavish palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar Era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Tehran, became the seat of government of the Qajar Family, which came into power in 1779. Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas, the Palace’s most characteristic features and rich ornaments date from the XIX Century. It became a center of Qajari Arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example and has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day. It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts and crafts and elements of XVIII Century architecture and technology. Dinner and overnight in Tehran.

Day 13: Tehran - Shiraz [B, L, D]

Today’s highlight is the Carpet Museum with its beautiful modern architecture and a facade resembling a carpet-weaving loom. Founded in 1978, the museum provides a historical background for the evolution of this art form. We will then transfer to the airport for a short flight to Shiraz.

Shiraz is crowned as the heartland of Persian culture and this city of sophistication will never fail to conjure up images of roses and nightingales, gardens, and poetry. This gorgeous city in the province of Fars is home to famous poets such as Hafez and Sa’adi. Also, historical sites from different eras stretching back 6,000 years ago can be found there. Relish in the highlights of Shiraz when it was the capital of Iran during the Zand Dynasty. Be inspired by the glorious Karim Khan Palace, the splendid Vakil Mosque, Vakil Bazaar, and Saray-e-Moshir with its splendid architecture and interesting ethnic souvenir shops and Nasir Almolk Mosque. Next, we will stop for a mouth-watering Iranian lunch at one of the traditional restaurants of Shiraz. In the evening, we will visit Ali-Ebn-e-Hamzeh and be prepared to marvel at its beauty. Take a stroll through the Jahan Nama Garden and witness its tall and proud cedars. Not forgetting the two famous Persian poets, Hafez and Sa’adi, whose mysterious poems are everlasting in the Persian language, we will get a chance to pay homage to their tombs. Finally, we will visit the Delgosha Garden and Khajoo-e-Kermani tomb from where the perspective of the mysterious city of Shiraz will perpetuate in our mind. At night, we will have dinner in a restaurant with a specific atmosphere in the north of Shiraz. Overnight in Shiraz.

Day14: Shiraz - Persepolis - Shiraz [B, L, D]

Drive about 35 miles to Takht-e-Jamshid or as the Greeks called it, Persepolis, a ruined capital of ancient Iran. It is one of the greatest artistic legacies of the ancient world and perhaps one of the most beautiful and spectacular archaeological sites surviving today. In the VI Century BC, the Achaemenian King Darius I, created Persepolis as a palatial precinct for an empire which eventually became larger and more efficiently ruled than any other in the ancient Persepolis was primarily reserved for ritual celebrations, and the arrival of delegations was announced by trumpeters who stood at the top of the staircase in front of the Gate of Nations. The delegations were then led to the Hundred Column Palace to meet the king. Superb bas reliefs depict the flow of ritual processions that once passed through the palaces and audience halls of the Achaemenian Kings. We’ll explore the Gate of Xerxes, the Apadana Palace, the Treasury, the Harem, and the private palaces of the different rulers. Persepolis was completed by Xerxes and Artaxerxes I, who ruled Persia in the V Century BC. The palaces were used by the Achaemenid kings up until they were destroyed by Alexander the Great in 330 BC as revenge for the sacking of Athens during the Persian Wars with the Greeks. Nowruz, the Zoroastrian observance of the beginning of Spring, is still celebrated today on March 21st. To top off the afternoon, visit Naghsh-é-Rostam, which contains the rock-carved chambers of four Achaemenian Tombs, believed to be those of Darius the Great, Xerxes, Artaxerxes, and Darius II. The ornamental facades are rock reliefs from the Sassanian dynasty depicting various scenes of imperial conquests as well as a probable fire temple from Achaemenian Times. Later, return to Shiraz via the Koran Gate, for dinner and overnight in Shiraz.

Day 15: Shiraz - Pasargadae - Yazd [B, L, D]

Today your journey takes you to Yazd, stopping en route at Pasargadae, another UNESCO World Heritage site. Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great in the VI Century BC. Its palaces, gardens, and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid Art and Architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian Civilization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges include the Mausoleum of Cyrus II, Tall-e-Takht, a fortified terrace, and a royal ensemble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential palace, and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital of the first great multicultural empire in Western Asia, spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Indus River. It is the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples. This was reflected in Achaemenid Architecture, a synthetic representation of different cultures. After a leisurely visit to Pasargadae, we will continue through the desert to the city of Yazd. Upon arrival, we’ll have an evening stroll through Fahadan Historical Neighborhood and Amir Chakhmagh Square. Dinner and overnight in Yazd.

Day 16: Yazd [B, L, D]

Move on to Yazd with its Towers of Silence and the Fire Temple and adjoining museum to learn about the Zoroastrian faith, their holy book – the Avesta, four divine elements – air, water, earth, and fire, and motto – good thoughts, good words, good deeds! Next, at the Yazd Water Museum, we will learn about the construction of Qanats (canals or canats), which are underground tunnels or subterranean aqueducts carrying life-giving water from the mountains to the homes, Persian gardens, fields, orchards, and pomegranate groves. You’ll admire their courageous builders using techniques developed from the IV Century BC and explore a house with its own traditional wind tower. Overnight in Yazd.

Day 17: Yazd - Na’in - Esfahan [B, L, D]

Travel to Esfahan, stopping along the way to visit the early Islamic period Friday Mosque in the city of Na’in. We will then drive to the beautiful city of Esfahan (Isfahan), the XVII Century capital of The Safavids, referred to as “Nesf-e-Jahan” (Half of the World) in Safavid sources. Dinner and overnight in Esfahan.

Day 18: Esfahan [B, L, D]

Another full day of sightseeing in wonderful Esfahan. We will begin by wandering through the antique Friday Mosque, which has undergone continual construction, reconstruction, additions, and renovations since around 771. The mosque has an Abbasid hypostyle mosque in place by the X Century. Buyid construction lined a facade around the courtyard and added two minarets that are the earliest example of the double minaret on record. We will then continue to the Naghsh-e-Jahan Complex, the central focus of Esfahan. It is a Royal Square, 1674 feet by 540 feet and enclosed by double-storied arcades. The square drew merchants and ambassadors to the Safavid court for centuries. It is seven times the size of the Piazza San Marco in Venice and puts the grandeur of the surrounding palaces and mosques into appropriate proportions. On the north side is the entrance to the Royal Qaysari Bazaar. On the east side is the Lotfollah Mosque, which served as a private chapel for the Imperial family. On the west side is the Ali Qapu Palace. To the south is the Friday Mosque and Shah Mosque, dedicated to Shah Abbas the Great. Overnight in Esfahan.

Day 19: Esfahan [B, L, D]

Delve into the extragavant history of Esfahan by visiting the beautiful Chehel Sotuni Palace, with its exquisite collection of frescos and paintings on tile, was built by Shah Abbas II in the XVII Century. The reflecting pool magnified the majesty of the ruler. Here, Shah Abbas II welcomed dignitaries and ambassadors. Today, you are the guests of honor! Next, we’ll begin with a walk across the historical bridge of Khaju, constructed by Shah Abbas II in 1650. It is essentially a bridge superimposed upon a dam, 436 feet long and supported by twenty-four stone arches. On the far side is the garden tomb of Arthur Upham Pope and his wife Phyllis Ackerman, Americans who were dedicated to the study of Persian art, history, and culture. Continue to the Armenian Quarter to visit the richly decorated Vank Cathedral. Begun in 1606 at the time of arrival of Armenian immigrants to Isfahan, it was completed between 1655 and 1664 under the supervision of Archbishop David, with the encouragement of the Safavid Rulers. It is the historic focal point of the Armenian Christian Church in Iran. The dome and walls have colorful paintings representing the story of Creation. Pause for lunch in the Armenian Quarter.

During our time in Isfahan, you are invited to a private gallery to visit a famous miniature artist. Those who are interested may visit a carpet shop to sip tea and admire Iran’s most valuable craft and art form. The Persian knot allowed the tight composition to create intricate arabesques, geometric, and other floral designs. You will see both City and Tribal carpets. Persians also developed natural – and lasting- dyes. Cobalt found in Isfahan was exported to China where it was used in the blue on ceramics known later by the British as ‘China’. End the afternoon with a visit to the Hasht Bahesht (eight paradises) Pavilion and Park. It was built as an official court and a reception hall by Shah Abbas II in the XVII Century. The pavilion is surrounded by a beautiful garden with eight reflecting pools. Overnight in Esfahan.

Day 20:  Abyaneh - Kashan - Tehran [B, L, D]

Today you will take the sites of UNESCO recognized village of Abyaneh, located at the foot of Mount Karkas and in the vicinity of the desert. You will appreciate the serenity of this quaint village with its splendid archaeology and meet the dwellers who speak, live, and dress in the original Persian style. The province and the city of Kashan are among the most prominent producers of stunning handicrafts. The wool for the carpets is usually shorn by local men in spring or autumn, and women are mostly in charge of the weaving. Next, we will head to Kashan and visit Tabatabaiha and Boroojerdiha houses, along with some other historical places specially chosen by our tour guide, to acquaint you with the previous century’s architecture, the Qajar Era. Dinner and overnight in Tehran.

Day 21:  Departure From Tehran [B]

After breakfast, we will transfer you to the airport for your flight back home.



Tour type: Small Group Tour

Group size: 2-16 passengers

2024 Departure Dates
Departure-Return DatePrice
(Per person in Double room)
Apr 9 - Apr 30$7,495$1,295BOOK NOW
May 7 - May 28$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Jun 4 - Jun 25$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Sep 10 - Oct 1$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Oct 8 - Oct 29$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Nov 5 - Nov 26$7,495$1,295BOOK NOW
2025 Departure Dates
Departure-Return DatePrice
(Per person in Double room)
Apr 9 - Apr 30$7,495$1,295BOOK NOW
May 7 - May 28$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Jun 4 - Jun 25$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Sep 10 - Oct 1$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Oct 8 - Oct 29$7,995$1,595BOOK NOW
Nov 5 - Nov 26$7,495$1,295BOOK NOW

  • International flights from JFK with Turkish Airlines
  • All internal flights
    • Mary-Ashgabat
    • Mashhad-Tehran
    • Tehran-Shiraz
  • All airport taxes
  • All arrival and departure transfers
  • 19 nights hotel accommodation at very comfortable, centrally located hotels
  • All meals (Total of 56: 19 Breakfasts, 18 Lunches and 19 Dinners)
  • All entrance fees
  • Complete sightseeing with our experienced English speaking local tour guides
  • Letter of Invitation for Turkmenistan and Iran Visa Grant Notice (Authorization Number) (required for visa application)
  • Luggage handling, all hotel taxes and services charges
  • Flo Tours travel documents kit
  • Visa Consular Fees and Visa Processing Fees
  • Tips at the hotels, tour guides and drivers
  • Any extra expenses at the hotels
  • Video and photo camera charges at the museums or sites
  • Trip Insurance

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  • Tashkent: Lotte City or similar
  • Samarkand: Grand Samarkand Hotel or similar
  • Bukhara: Asia Bukhara Hotel or similar
  • Mary: Mary Hotel or similar
  • Ashgabat: Oguzkent Hotel or similar
  • Mashhad: Javad Hotel or similar
  • Tehran: Espinas Hotel or similar
  • Shiraz: Zandiyeh Hotel or similar
  • Yazd: Safaiyeh Hotel or similar
  • Esfahan: Abbasi Hotel or similar

US citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least six months beyond the period of intended travel dates. Below visa requirements are for US Citizens only.

  • Uzbekistan: Visa required. Obtained online https://e-visa.gov.uz/main or from the Uzbekistan Embassy in Washington, DC or New York City via mail. Cost is $160. Please find details about application here
  • Turkmenistan: Visa required. E-Visa is pre-approved by our Tashkent office. Cost is $73 payable at the Turkmenistan border to the immigration officer.
  • Iran: Visa is required before departure. We will obtain your "Visa Grant Notice" (authorization number) needed to get your visa, then you will apply in Washington, DC Pakistan Embassy.